What is a stretch mark?
Stretch marks are mainly the consequences of fairly rapid and prolonged stretching of the skin. Stretch marks treatment takes time. This is mainly due to pregnancy and weight gain. Of course, this aesthetic defect, fortunately, does not occur in everyone, but only in the case of insufficient elasticity of the elastin fibers.
Elastin fibers, which act as a framework, stretch, weaken and tear. As a result, there is a rupture of the dermis and epidermis. The body quickly fills this gap with connective tissue, which, although it consists of collagen and elastin, has a different structure. This connective tissue at the site of the rupture is called a scar and has shades from pink to purple, but gradually, as a result of the death of blood vessels, it acquires a white, lifeless color. Since epidermal cells do not form on the connective tissue, stretch marks and scars become especially noticeable in the summer. This aesthetic problem can also arise with a sharp decrease in volume. Nutritionists do not recommend losing more than 2% per month in weight. But, this is not always possible.
Most often, pregnant women become potential “victims” of stretch marks – both stretching and weight gain. Also, quite often they occur in adolescence, during a period of rapid growth. Stretch marks appear most often on the stomach, hips, face, and even the chest.
Causes of stretch marks
As already mentioned, one of the main causes of stretch marks is the sharp growth of the body. And it’s not just about pregnancy and weight jumps when you quickly gain weight and then lose it. During puberty, a teenager’s body can come to its “final shape”. The appearance of stretch marks also depends on the amount of collagen and elastin in the body: they are responsible for the elasticity and firmness of the skin. Stretch marks are caused, for example, by taking steroids for a long time. As the causes of stretch marks are different, so are stretch mark treatments.
There are a lot of reasons for the appearance of stretch marks like lack of muscle mass, reduced immunity, Violation of the hormonal background, heredity, and sudden weight gain or weight loss. Here are some of the main reasons:
Sharp weight gain: The skin “does not have time” to stretch after the fat mass, and therefore a rupture occurs.
Pregnancy: In this case, stretch marks appear not only due to weight gain and an increase in the abdomen but also due to hormonal changes that are observed in a special condition of a woman.
Wrong nutrition: When the diet is balanced, the protein responsible for the production of collagen in the body is supplied in sufficient quantities. But when a person begins to lean mainly on carbohydrate foods (especially fast-digesting carbohydrates), collagen production is reduced. So, there’s a reduction in the elasticity of the skin.
The presence of endocrine diseases can be expressed in the appearance of stretch marks on the skin.
Sports training: In this case, we are talking about bodybuilders who play sports, building muscle mass too quickly. You need to be careful when making decisions about intensive training. Body weight gain should be no more than 2% of the total for 1 month.
Kinds of treatments for stretch marks
When small, thin stretch marks appear various stretch marks treatment procedures such as creams and lotions, micro-needling, chemical peel, laser treatment, RF skin resurfacing, sunless self-tanners, cosmetic surgery, mommy makeover surgery, and ultrasound therapy can be effective.
Fractional laser resurfacing is considered the most effective stretch marks treatment of all kinds, which quickly leads to the expected results. In the treatment of stretch marks after pregnancy and childbirth in women on the abdomen and chest, it is often combined with RF-lifting, which effectively tightens the skin, allowing not only improving the effect in the fight against stretch marks but also allowing you to return the height of the chest and tighten the skin of the abdomen. For the first 1-2 weeks after the procedure, special dressings or protective ointments are applied to the treated areas, later it is necessary to use moisturizing and absorbable cosmetics in addition to stretch marks treatments.
After the stretch marks treatment, the skin is tightened, stretch marks are smoothed out and reduced, and they become almost invisible from the outside, and also acquire the property of sunbathing.
And no matter which way you choose as the stretch marks treatment, remember that the best result is achieved if the stretch marks are still fresh, and red. So don’t put off your treatment, go through it as soon as possible.
10 ways to reduce stretch marks
The stretch marks treatment provides revolutionary remodeling of collagen and elastin that restructures the skin with minimal discomfort and downtime. Here are the top 10 ways to reduce stretch marks.
Creams and lotions
Creams and lotions for the treatment of stretch marks saturate the upper layers of the epidermis with moisture. They soften and restore the water balance of the skin. It allows you to regulate and slow down the process of melanin formation in the epidermis.
Creams and lotions are used for the prevention and stretch marks treatments. Oils and moisturizers are included in the composition of the preparation so that the skin is velvety, soft, and smooth. At the same time, since most creams and lotions are based on herbs, they don’t have any side effects.
Stretch marks treatment and removal with micro-needling are as follows. Derma pen or derma roller microneedles penetrate the skin to a depth of 1.5-2.0 mm and reach the bottom of the stretch marks. On the way, the microneedles injure fibroblasts (cells that produce collagen). In response to this micro-trauma, healthy-functioning fibroblasts migrate from neighboring regions. Here they begin to intensively divide, and produce collagen in large quantities. As a result, elastic support is created from young collagen fibers. Micro-needling accelerates the recovery processes leading to the remodeling of the skin tissue.
The procedure of stretch marks treatment is based on the mechanical removal of the epidermis layers using a diamond-coated nozzle. As a result of this process, the skin is noticeably renewed and rejuvenated, and aesthetic defects are erased from the skin! This is completely painless and without side effects. Skin microdermabrasion is a great alternative to stretch marks.
Since such stretch marks are fresh and shallow, it is easier to get rid of them. One way for stretch marks treatment is a chemical peel, such as a Jessner peel. This procedure helps to polish the top layer of the skin and remove the dead cells that make up the stretch marks. After just a few peeling procedures for stretch marks treatment, the stretch marks will become less noticeable, and soon completely invisible.
The most effective and unparalleled stretch marks treatment is laser therapy. Laser radiation “burns” the upper, uneven layer of the skin, and a new one is formed in its place – clean and healthy since laser exposure stimulates the production of collagen in the skin. Laser removal of stretch marks is not an easy procedure that has a long recovery period (1-2 weeks), it is performed only by an experienced doctor, under local anesthesia, but the result is noticeable from the first application.
RF skin resurfacing
For stretch marks treatment by using RF skin resurfacing, a point effect of high-frequency electromagnetic pulses on damaged areas of the skin, in which fibroblast cells are activated and the production of new collagen and elastin is stimulated. As a result, the skin is smoothed, which makes stretch marks less noticeable.
RF skin resurfacing is a new generation carbon dioxide laser designed for fractional effects on stretch marks treatment. The principle of its action is to create micro-perforations in the area of scar tissue using a directed beam. These smallest damages trigger intensive regeneration of the surrounding tissues; the old defective fibers are replaced with new ones – elastic. As a result, the voids are filled with collagen and elastin, the surface of the skin is leveled, and the stretch marks become soft and gradually disappear.
By the way, tanning visually smooths the skin texture! Moreover, do not forget an important point – a tan is achieved without harm to the body, without exposure to ultraviolet rays, which, as you know, provoke photo aging and cause skin cancer.
The main active ingredient in almost any self-tanning product is dihydroxyacetone (DHA). The substance reacts with amino acids in the stratum corneum of the skin and is not absorbed from the skin into the blood, which means that it does not have a systemic effect on the body.
Under its influence, the skin itself changes color. The main provocateur of this artificial pigmentation is the substance dihydroxyacetone, which, in the presence of oxygen, promotes the formation of melanin pigment.
The severity of stretch marks and the depth of skin lesions, in this case, may be different. Usually, stretch marks treatment cosmetic procedures and laser resurfacing are used to eliminate them. In severe cases, stretch marks treatment requires surgical removal of stretch marks with a scalpel.
Mommy makeover surgery
Mommy Makeover in Iran is a cosmetic surgery package that includes several procedures such as liposuction, tummy tuck, breast surgeries, vaginal rejuvenation, stretch marks treatments, and buttock lifts.
The method of ultrasound therapy for stretch marks treatment is based on high-frequency mechanical vibrations that act on tissues like a micro-massage, reducing pain and promoting the restoration of inflammatory infiltrate, improving blood and lymph circulation, vascular tone, and cellular metabolism, and promoting the regeneration of damaged nerves. In addition, this procedure creates a favorable, profound thermal effect.